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Koi Care Guide
6 things to know about your koi
Expertise Level: Intermediate
Size: Koi grow up to 36 inches (91 cm) lengthy
Lifespan: They will live for more than 50 years and thrive in a wide range of water temperatures
Temperament: They're usually peaceful however may pick on slower fish
Origin: They are a type of carp native to Japan
Did You Know: Koi can learn to acknowledge and take meals from their pet mother and father
How do I set up my koi's aquarium?
Koi develop quickly and get very large. Keep mature koi in an outside pond of at least three feet deep, with no less than 50 gallons of water per fish.
Young koi will be kept indoors in an aquarium of no less than 29 gallons.
Put the aquarium in a quiet area out of direct sunlight and drafts.
Cover the aquarium with a hood to reduce evaporation and splashing and to keep fish from leaping out.
To transfer new koi to the aquarium, float them within the water inside their bag for about 10 minutes so they can acclimate to the new water temperature.
Should you're introducing koi to an existing school in an aquarium or pond, quarantine the new fish in a separate body of water for two to four weeks to make sure they are healthy.
On moving day, use a net to switch the koi so old water does not mingle with new water.
Whether they live indoors or outdoors, add no more than 3 new koi at a time.
Comply with the manufacturer's directions for choosing and setting up the proper measurement filter for your koi habitat.
An aquarium filter should be able to process all the water within the tank three to five times an hour. For example, the filter in a 20-gallon tank would want to push by no less than 60 gallons of water each hour.
Add useful bacteria supplements to assist break down waste within the habitat.
Heat & light
Outside koi are hardy and will hibernate under ice in winter so long as their pond is deep sufficient to not freeze completely. (They won't survive in solid ice.)
Your koi's pond needs to be partially shaded.
Indoor koi choose water between 65 and seventy five degrees Fahrenheit.
Set up a light inside an indoor aquarium to illuminate it for 8 to 12 hours a day.
Koi are fairly temperature-resistant— they will even hibernate under ice in winter. Just make sure your pond is a minimum of three toes deep— in any other case, it may freeze strong, and koi aren’t that tough. Once they live indoors, koi favor cool water—between sixty five and 75 degrees F (18 to 24 C).
How do I keep my koi healthy?
If your outdoor koi aren't consuming within the winter, don't worry; it's regular for them to cease eating at temperatures below forty F.
Be sure to contact a veterinarian when you notice any of these symptoms:
Unusual swimming pattern
Thinness or decreased appetite
Inflamed or discolored skin or fins
Fins clamped to sides of body
Scraping body on rocks (flashing)
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